June 28, 1914.
Despite warnings of a Serbian plot to assassinate him, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, took his wife on a visit to Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina. They had minimum security and the route they planned to travel within the city was publicized.
Partway through the trip, a bomb was thrown at the motorcade and several people were injured. Following a planned speech by the Archduke, the motorcade planned to travel to the hospital via a different route to visit the injured. A failure to communicate the new route with the drivers took the royal couple right in front of Gavrilo Princip, one of the assassins who was stationed on the original path.
The car carrying the Archduke and his wife suddenly stops directly in front of Princip because someone in the car is telling the driver, “You idiot, you’re not supposed to go down this road. Stop the car and back up.” Princip fires two shots, killing both the Archduke and his wife.
The rest, as they say, is history.
The world is gearing up for the centennial of World War One and there is tons of stuff out there that can be used and adapted by world and US history teachers. So today . . . a quick list of some of that stuff.
- National World War One Museum
Sweet museum in downtown Kansas City. Great ed resources and useful interactive timeline.
- Imperial War Museum
Perhaps the best museum of all time. Lots of online tools and exhibitions.
- National Archives: Teaching with Documents
You should also spend some time here.
- Library of Congress
A couple of places here – What are We Fighting for Over There? and US Participation in the Great War.
- The British National Archives
Well designed site with tons of stuff.
- British Broadcasting Company History: World War One
The BBC always has useful goodies.
- FirstWorldWar: A Multi-Media History
A summary overview of the war with lots of visuals.
- The Great War
All things WWI.
- First World War Centenary
All things WWI centennial-ish.
- Best of History Websites: World War One
- PBS World War One Lessons
- World War One Document Archive
- Propaganda Posters